The name Ruby is derived from the latin word rubeus, meaning red. Frequent twinning of the crystal makes Ruby exposed to fracture. Yet it is a tough mineral, second only to diamond in hardness. Ruby is found in igneous and metamorphic rocks or water-worn pebbles in alluvial deposits. The finest stones come from Burma followed by the brownish red variety of Thailand. Afghanistan, Pakistan and Vietnam produce bright red stones. Those from India, North Carolina (USA), Russia, Australia and Norway are dark, sometimes even opaque.
Colours: Red Pinkish, purplish and brownish red. Healing Properties: Ruby helps bring energy and spark back into life, spurring the lethargic into action. It stimulates the heart charka, filling our hearts with joy, spontaneity, laughter and courage. It instills in us a great passion and zest for life as well as confidence.
It is firmly believed that wearing of pearl ensure happy conjugal life and protection from widow-hood. Anybody wearing an unblemished Pearl earns riches and is blessed by goddess of wealth Lakshmi. He or she lives long and all his sins are said be washed away. He gets vitality, becomes intelligent and achieves a high position in life. Pearl with a yellow luster brings wealth. A reddish pearl makes one intelligent. White Pearl bestows fame and the Pearl with blue hue is the giver of good fortune. The wearing of a defective pearl brings troubles. The Pearl, in which there is spot without luster like the hole, that pearl, is likely to cause leprosy to the wearer. If in any pearl there is a spot or sign looking like the eye of a fish, the wearer suffers loss of children. The Pearl, devoid of luster is said to shorten life. The Pearl that is flat brings a bad name to the wearer. The Pearl that is long instead of being round makes the wearer foolish and an idiot. If a side of the Pearl is broken, the wearer of such stones suffers the loss of his livelihood.
The wearing of a Red Coral (Moonga) makes the native courageous and a conqueror of his enemies. It is believed that the genuine Red Coral warns the wearer of coming ill health by changing its color. The Red Coral prevents from bad dreams and nightmares. It protects the wearer from evil spirits. A good and auspicious Coral possesses the following merits:
Emerald is considered an expensive gemstone. Most of the Emeralds have cracks, which reduces their value. A pale shade is not as valuable as is the emerald having deep velvet green to having a shade of grass green. It is difficult to find a flawless Emerald. A good Emerald is smooth and transparent and emits bright rays, and is without any dots or spots, this type of stone is considered most auspicious gemstone. An Emerald of good quality and without blemishes gives good health, a strong body to its wearer. Apart from this, it also makes him wise and intelligent. It increases wealth and property of the wearer and blesses the native with children. It gives protection from the bites of snakes, it also protects native from evil. It is also considered beneficial for good eyesight. It ensures safe and painless delivery for pregnant women. An Emerald, which is blemished causes injuries, deprives happiness from parents, causes mental and physical distress to the wearer.
Jupiter rules the Pushyaraj or Yellow Sapphire. It is of yellow color and whatever class it belongs to, it is used for getting the benevolent blessings of Jupiter.An unblemished yellow sapphire (often-called Topaz, a substitute semi-precious stone) gives the wearer, good health, wisdom, property, longevity, name, honors and fame. The wearer is blessed with children. It gives protection from evil spirits. It is believed that if there are obstructions in getting a suitable match for a girl, she gets married early by wearing a yellow Sapphire. Blemished gemstones are the cause of many troubles. A stone with cracks invites threats or theft. One without luster and transparency creates enemies and causes disharmony in the family. A milky stone invites injuries to the body. The one with a web causes stomach disorders. The one with red dots on it destroys wealth. The stone with a depression causes anxiety and disturbs peace of mind.
It is the most expensive gemstone in the category of gemstones. The most auspicious diamond is one that is colorless with a blue tinge or one, which sprays blue, and red rays and is without black dots. The Diamond with a red or yellow hue or tinge is said to be beneficial and auspicious for kings, political leaders and astro admins. The Diamond having a white hue is suitable for religious, social and spiritual works. The Diamond of yellow hue showers success and prosperity. The Diamond of black hue is suitable for people who are engaged in inferior jobs or professions. Women desiring birth of sons to them should wear an unblemished white Diamond having a slight black hue. The wearer of Diamond is protected from the bad influences of evil spirits, and snakebites. A defective or blemished Diamond causes great harm to its wearer. The Diamond with the shape of island, is white, destroys wealth and happiness, and the one with the black Yava destroys wealth. Other defects disturb mental peace and bring disasters and diseases.
If the Sapphire (Neelam) has white lines on it, it is bad for the eyes. The whitish (milky) stone brings poverty. A cracked blue sapphire brings accidents to the native. The dual colored stone may cause troubles from the enemy side. The dull colored Sapphire (Neelam) causes distress and worries to nears and dears.
There are also following beliefs about this stone:
HESSONITE OCCURS in a very wide range of hues – colorless to black- but drives its name from the first specimen ever found, a distinctive gooseberry-green color. The orange-brown color of hessonite is due to manganese and iron inclusion. The best Hessonite (Gomed) is found in Sri Lanka in metamorphic rocks or gems gravel and sands. In Madagascar, Hessonite is often referred to as Cinnamon Stone. Other localities include Brazil, Canada and Siberia (Russia) as well Marine, California and New Hampshire in USA.
The Cat’s Eye having a yellowish radiance and a white band belongs to the superior class of such gemstones. The stones having a depression, spots, mica mixed, having a web, or which are dull, are treated as defective and should be avoided for remedial purpose. Wearing of a Cat’s Eye gives happiness in the matter of children and makes the wearer wealthy. It is a restorer of lost wealth. Cat’s Eye is a quick acting gemstone and should always be worn after a trial. A blemished stone proves harmful. The stone with spots causes trouble from enemies and that with depression creates stomach disorders. The dull stone is bad for health. A Cracked gemstone gives injuries. The stone with a black dot or spot is likely to prove fatal to the wearer.